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發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/13 10:22:08 (4 人讀取)

Austrian case against Hinkley Point C aid rejected


The General Court of the European Union today dismissed a lawsuit filed by Austria, supported by Luxembourg, against the European Commission's approval of state aid for the planned Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant in the UK. The court said the Commission "did not err" in accepting the UK's stance that construction of the plant is in the British public's interest.



Hinkley Point C CGI - 460 (EDF Energy)
An artist's impression of how Hinkley Point C could appear (Image: EDF Energy)


In October 2014, the European Commission (EC) approved aid which the UK government was planning to implement in favour of the construction of the Hinkley Point C project. That aid, for EDF Energy subsidiary NNB Generation, is made up of three parts. Firstly, a contract for difference, which seeks to ensure price stability for sales of electricity and to guarantee compensation in the event of an early shutdown of the plant. Secondly, an agreement between the investors of NNB Generation and the UK's Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change which guarantees compensation in the event of an early shutdown on political grounds. Thirdly, a credit guarantee by the UK on bonds to be issued by NNB Generation is intended to ensure the timely payment of principal and interest of qualifying debt, up to a maximum level of GBP17.0 billion (USD22.5 billion). The EC concluded that the aid is compatible with the internal market.


Austria filed a lawsuit with the European Court on 6 July 2015 seeking annulment of the EC's decision. Announcing the filing, then Austrian Chancellor Werner Faymann said that nuclear power "is not an innovative technology and is therefore not worthy of subsidy". He added, "[State] aid is there to support new and modern technologies that are in the general interest of all EU countries. This is in no way true of nuclear power." Austria is opposed in particular to the EC's reasoning that state aid contributes to the promotion of an industry.


In the course of the proceedings, Luxembourg intervened in support of Austria, while the Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and the UK intervened in support of the Commission.


In a ruling today, the General Court dismissed the action brought by Austria.


"The Commission did not err in taking the view that the UK was entitled to define the development of nuclear energy as being a public-interest objective, even though that objective is not shared by all of the Member States," the court said. It added that "the objective of promoting nuclear power, and, more specifically, of promoting the creation of new nuclear energy production capacities, is related to the Euratom Community's goal of facilitating investment in the nuclear field". It also said that each Member State has the right to choose from among the different energy sources those which it prefers.


The court also said that Austria had failed to invalidate the EC's findings that it was "unrealistic" to expect a comparable amount of wind generating capacity could be built over the same timeframe as constructing Hinkley Point C "given the intermittent nature of that source of renewable energy".


The General Court noted that an appeal may be brought before the European Court of Justice against its decision within the next two months.


Foratom, the European nuclear trade body, said the court's decision "can be perceived as good news for all the EU Member States which are considering nuclear new build projects as it sends a positive signal for future nuclear investments in the EU".


Under a deal agreed in October 2015, China General Nuclear will take a 33.5% stake in EDF Energy's project to construct Hinkley Point C, in Somerset, England. Consisting of two Areva-designed European Pressurised Reactors, it will be the first new nuclear power station to be built in the UK in almost 20 years and will provide about 7% of the country's electricity.


In February this year, Austria also launched a lawsuit against the EC for its approval of Hungarian state subsidies for the construction of two new reactors at the Paks nuclear power plant. Hungary, which neighbours Austria, received the go-ahead to start construction of new nuclear power units at Paks this year as planned, following the EC's approval last March of commitments the country had made to limit distortions in competition. The Commission concluded that Hungary's financial support for the Paks II project involves state aid, but it could approve this support under EU state aid rules on the basis of these commitments.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Austrian-case-against-Hinkley-Point-C-aid-rejected-1207184.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/13 10:19:37 (4 人讀取)

UK's post-Brexit nuclear plans face scrutiny


The Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) has launched a consultation until 14 September on draft regulations that aim to enable a domestic nuclear safeguards regime following the UK's withdrawal from the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) as part of its departure from the European Union.



Meanwhile the House of Lords EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee yesterday put questions to the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) on whether its Brexit preparations are on track, and a new report by the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) has been criticised for its limited support for the future of civil nuclear power in the UK.



Consultation



The government has committed to establish a regime that will operate in a similar way to existing arrangements, but with changes made to regulations to ensure they are appropriate for the domestic, legislative and operational landscape in which they operate, BEIS said on 9 July. If passed into law, these proposed regulations will allow ONR to meet international obligations from day one of exit - 29 March 2019.


The domestic nuclear safeguards regime will replace the current arrangements provided by the UK's membership of Euratom, and by the European Commission's role in the trilateral agreements between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the UK and Euratom.


Richard Harrington, parliamentary under-secretary of state at BEIS, said in a foreward to the consultation document that the UK "has long been a staunch proponent of the international nuclear safeguards that serve as a fundamental component of global nuclear non-proliferation".


He said: "Although we will be leaving Euratom, we remain firmly committed to the highest standards of nuclear safeguards and non-proliferation. The draft Nuclear Safeguards regulations set out in this consultation are a concrete demonstration of this commitment. They will establish a new domestic safeguards regime for the UK that will provide coverage and effectiveness equivalent to that currently provided by Euratom and are the means by which we will exceed our international obligations."


The civil nuclear industry is of "key strategic importance" to the UK, he said, and, "as we prepare to leave both the EU and Euratom, we have been clear that our decision to withdraw in no way diminishes our civil nuclear ambitions".


On 7 June, the UK and the IAEA signed two new international safeguards agreements - the Voluntary Offer Agreement (VOA) and Additional Protocol - that will replace the trilateral safeguards agreements between the UK, the IAEA and Euratom that have been in place since 1978.


The Nuclear Safeguards Act, under which the draft Nuclear Safeguards Regulations will operate, has recently completed its passage through Parliament and received Royal Assent on the 26 June.


"This has provided a platform," Harrington said, "from which to engage with all of our partners to ensure that the regime outlined in these draft Nuclear Safeguards Regulations will meet our needs."


The draft regulations will be made under the powers contained in the Nuclear Safeguards Act 2018 and the Energy Act 2013. They reflect debates on nuclear safeguards in Parliament and incorporate feedback from the nuclear industry and wider stakeholder community obtained through government discussions on safeguards at the Euratom industry forums in September 2017 and March 2018. The next Euratom Industry Forum is planned for 19 July and will provide a further opportunity for the industry to provide feedback in addition to planned consultation workshops, BEIS said.



ONR's progress



An internal 'risk register' leaked to Sky News in May indicated that ONR was falling behind in its efforts to prepare for Brexit, with a number of key issues being flagged as 'red risks', the sub-committee said. These include development of a new IT system for tracking nuclear material, recruitment and training of inspectors, securing funding, and obtaining access to the necessary equipment.


If ONR fails to establish its own safeguarding regime before leaving Euratom, the UK may be unable to import nuclear material, it said. "This could have severe consequences for energy security given that 20% of the UK’s electricity comes from nuclear generation," it added.


Attending the meeting yesterday from ONR were Mina Golshan, deputy chief inspector and divisional director, and Peter Dicks, project lead for the UK State System of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material Project.


The chairman of the sub-committee, Lord Krebbs, put three questions to Golshan at the start of the meeting: the impact on the nuclear safeguards regime of whether there will be a 'cliff-edge' or longer transition period for the UK's exit from the EU; the difference between Euratom and international nuclear safeguards standards; and the definition of 'red' on ONR's risk register.


Golshan said she was confident ONR will meet its timeframes and objectives for delivery of a state system of accountancy and control for nuclear materials to enable the UK to meet its international obligations upon exit on 29 March 2019.


"That has always been our assumption; it's always been the project assumption that we need to deliver regardless of any [UK-EU] withdrawal agreement that may or not be concluded and agreed," she said.


ONR is confident, she said, because it has met its recruitment targets, with the training of new nuclear safeguards inspectors now "well under way". It has also procured an IT system - the Safeguards Information Management and Reporting System (SIMRS) - which will enable ONR to report to the IAEA and other partners in line with the VOA and Additional Protocol that the government recently signed with the Vienna-based agency and with third-party states - Australia, Canada, Japan and the USA. ONR is also developing its regulatory framework and operating model to implement the new safeguards regime in the UK, she added.


Asked about the distinction between Euratom- and international-level standards, Golshan stressed that it is international obligations that the UK needs to meet, and the terms of that are stated and agreed in the VOA and Additional Protocol.


"Under that we have to report on material and operations in certain eligible facilities as identified in the VOA; we need to facilitate independent verifications by the IAEA inspectors and we need to meet the requirements of the nuclear cooperation agreements under the terms. That is what the UK needs to deliver in order to meet its international obligations."


She added: "Euratom is a regional regulator. They have their own arrangements, scope and coverage for the work that they do. And the safeguards reg that is currently in draft and out for consultation is aimed to deliver a regime in the UK that broadly is equivalent in scope and coverage to that currently delivered by Euratom. And I stress that it is equivalent rather than to replicate. There are good reasons for that. As a regulator for safety and security, we have other means of getting the intelligence and information that we need to draw up safeguards conclusions and we will do so, but it's important to note that Euratom […] doesn't have access to that set of information and intelligence and that is why it is appropriate for us to meet outcomes rather than simply replicate. The scope and coverage in the Euratom is broader than currently stated in the Voluntary Offer Agreement and we, as intended by the government, aim to cover that scope and coverage. So the number of facilities involved is simply larger."


A risk register is a project tool and the colours are determined by the "impact and likelihood of a risk materialising", she said. "We had a milestone that meant at a certain date we would have completed the procurement of the SIMRS. And we had missed that and so it was right and proper to indicate that."



Need for nuclear



The report by NIC - which provides the government with impartial, expert advice on major long-term infrastructure challenges – says there is no need to "rush" to support future nuclear power plants projects.


It says: "In the longer term, an energy system based on low cost renewables and the technologies required to balance them may prove cheaper than building further nuclear plants, as the cost of these technologies is far more likely to fall, and at a faster rate. The National Infrastructure Assessment therefore cautions against a rush to agree government support for multiple new nuclear power stations and proposes that after Hinkley Point C in Somerset the Government should agree support for only one more nuclear plant before 2025. This would give flexibility to move towards newer low-carbon energy sources in future, while at the same time maintaining the UK's nuclear supply chain and skills base."


But Matt Rooney, engineering policy adviser at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, disagreed with NIC's assessment that no more nuclear power is likely to be required after Hinkley Point C.


"The NIC report itself highlights the uncertainty in any modelling that projects decades into the future, and effectively throwing away one of the best options we have for low-carbon electricity would be a mistake," he said. "The NIC admits that 'no country has yet built an electricity system with very high levels of variable renewables' yet is willing to take the risk of recommending such a strategy. Nuclear power should remain a part of our energy mix and if we do not get building soon we will lose the industry entirely and therefore the ability to build new plants. Such plants could be vital not just for electricity, but also for producing low carbon hydrogen for heat and industry in the future."


Under a strategic investment agreement signed in October 2016, China General Nuclear (CGN) agreed to take a 33.5% stake in EDF Energy's Hinkley Point C project, as well as jointly develop new nuclear power plants at Sizewell in Suffolk and Bradwell in Essex. The Hinkley Point C and Sizewell C plants will be based on France's EPR reactor technology, while the new plant at Bradwell in Essex will feature China's Hualong One design, which is currently going through the Generic Design Assessment process with the relevant UK regulators - ONR and the Environment Agency.


Responding to NIC report, Zheng Dongshan, CEO of CGN UK, said: "We have read the conclusions of the report from the National Infrastructure Commission with interest. It sets out a vision of the future which is not shared by most of those involved in energy policy every day. The overwhelming consensus is that the UK needs a balance of energy technologies, including nuclear power, to deliver a resilient, low carbon, system that is flexible enough to deal with all future scenarios.


"The government's view is clear and consistent and was set out most recently when it published the nuclear sector deal. Our focus is on delivering on that policy vision, and in particular to play our part both in building and operating renewables assets in the UK and in contributing to the safe and efficient construction of the new nuclear power station at Hinkley Point C, and those projects that will come after it."


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/RS-UKs-post-Brexit-nuclear-plans-face-scrutiny-12071801.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/9 10:51:40 (9 人讀取)

Think-tanks call for states to adopt Clean Energy Standards


US states could set far more ambitious decarbonisation targets by replacing Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) with Clean Energy Standards (CES) encompassing all clean energy sources including nuclear, according to a new joint report by the Breakthrough Institute and Third Way think-tanks.



Twenty-seven US states, plus the District of Columbia, currently have in place binding RPS, which are most commonly used to promote renewable electricity sources like solar, wind, hydropower, and geothermal, the report notes. These on average mandate a generation share of 26% renewables with an average target year of 2022. Collectively, this would result in at least 16% of total US electricity supply from carbon-free renewable resources in the coming years. Such policies are a "good step in the right direction", but states could cut their emissions more affordably, rapidly and reliably if their policies extended to a wider set of carbon-free resources, the report says.

Including all zero-carbon resources in a portfolio standard could encourage a state to "stretch farther" and enable higher targets - within "striking distance" of the ultimate goal of full decarbonisation - the report finds.


Despite "aggressive policy support" from federal and state governments, the contribution of renewables to decarbonisation has been undercut by recent nuclear plant closures, the Breakthrough Institute said. "When nuclear plants retire, they have often been replaced by new fossil fuel infrastructure (mostly gas) that will last for decades. Clean Energy Standards prevent this backsliding by creating a policy incentive to keep nuclear plants open - and even if nuclear plants retire, utilities must replace nuclear entirely with clean generation," it said.


"In the last few years we've seen more and more support for saving America's existing nuclear plants. But much of the action has been in the form of one-off, plant-by-plant bailouts or proposals to subsidise coal along with nuclear at the federal level. Clean Energy Standards could ensure that economic support for nuclear derives from its climate benefits, not tenuous arguments about reliability or national security, and provide a coherent and holistic framework for doing so," the Institute said.


"Because all clean sources count towards the [CES] mandate, innovative technologies like carbon capture, waste-to-energy, and advanced nuclear will receive support as well," it added. "Long-term policies should recognise the long-term shifts in energy technology that are likely to occur in electricity decarbonisation. For example, in states with significant recent investment in gas generation, carbon capture could be the cheapest decarbonisation pathway over the course of the next few decades. Waste-to-energy, meanwhile, is net carbon negative when compared to uncontrolled landfills, and should be compensated for its climate benefits within a CES on a prorated basis."


Several states have already taken legislative action to recognise nuclear energy for its environmental attributes and its contribution to fuel diversity. The states of New York and Illinois have launched zero-emissions credit programmes, while Connecticut has passed legislation enabling the Millstone nuclear power plant to enter into a competitive procurement process alongside other zero-carbon energy sources.


With most state RPS set to expire over the next three to five years, the report urges states to consider adopting a CES instead, which the Breakthrough Institute described as the simplest baseline policies for power-sector decarbonisation. "They will - and should - never be the only climate policies. But through their simplicity and inclusivity, they could be politically viable in more states, and they provide the maximum amount of flexibility for clean energy deployment and innovation over the long term," it said.


The report, Clean Energy Standards: How more states can become climate leaders, is authored by Ryan Fitzpatrick, Jameson McBride, Jessica Lovering, Josh Freed and Ted Nordhaus, and was published on 27 June.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NP-Think-tanks-call-for-states-to-adopt-Clean-Energy-Standards-0607187.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/9 10:49:29 (8 人讀取)

EDF maintains plant safety is a priority


French utility EDF has refuted the findings of a parliamentary commission into the safety and security of the country's nuclear energy facilities. The commission's report, published yesterday, contains "a number of factual errors" and "does not reveal any breach of the obligations incumbent on the operator", EDF noted.



The cross-party parliamentary commission was set up in January due to "the increase in the number of incidents during these past years and, particularly in recent months, within nuclear power plants, as well as repeated incursions by militants opposed to nuclear energy", the report says. It began its investigation in February.


Anti-nuclear organisation Greenpeace has managed to break into operating nuclear power plants on several occasions, the report notes. "On every occasion, vulnerabilities in security systems have emerged and environmental activists have highlighted the risks to some facilities, including cooling pools." The commission says that terrorism "is no longer a risk but a reality" and the government has a responsibility to investigate and inquire about the security of nuclear facilities "with regard to possible malicious acts that could be committed there".


According to the report, France's nuclear installations are at risk from plane crashes, drone incursions, sabotage by workers, intrusions and cyber attacks. It makes 33 recommendations for reducing these risks.


"During the first reading of the report, EDF noted the presence of a number of factual errors," the company said.


EDF said it responded to all the requests made by the commission "within the legal framework", with company executives responding under oath to more than 150 questions during hearings. In addition, some 60 further questions were answered in writing. EDF said it submitted about 2000 pages of documents to the commission. At the request of the commission, visits were organised to the Gravelines, Tricastin and Flamanville plants.


"In view of the recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry, EDF notes that the systems put in place in France to ensure the security of nuclear power plants are very widely validated," the company said. "Regarding nuclear safety, EDF has made it its priority right from the start of its nuclear power plants and is committed to continuous improvement." It noted that the French nuclear safety regulator, the Autorité de Sûreté Nucléaire (ASN), deemed the safety of France's nuclear power plants to be "overall satisfactory" in 2017.


EDF - which operates 58 nuclear power reactors at 19 sites in France - said it will study the report in detail and make a response by the end of this month.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/RS-EDF-maintains-plant-safety-is-a-priority-0607185.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/9 10:47:06 (8 人讀取)

NEI issues guidelines for regulatory interactions


The US Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) has issued guidelines to help advanced nuclear reactor developers in their interactions with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). A regulatory engagement plan will help reactor developers' early interactions with NRC staff and can reduce regulatory uncertainty and add predictability to licensing advanced technologies, the NEI said.



NuScale SMR cross section - 460

NuScale's SMR, which would be housed inside steel containment vessels and submerged in a large pool of water below ground level in the reactor building, is being reviewed by the NRC (Image: NuScale)


The US nuclear industry is currently enjoying significant interest in advanced nuclear technology development, with "dozens of organisations" - from innovative venture capital startups and established nuclear companies to government research establishments - currently working on innovative reactor designs, the NEI said.


Advanced reactor designs offer the potential for lower construction and operating costs, rapid modular manufacture and deployment, enhanced safety and operational efficiency, and more efficient use of fuel resources. Many designs promise more versatile applications than existing commercial nuclear power plants, such as greater ability to adjust their output to suit an electric grid supplied by intermittent wind and solar power, or the option of providing high-quality process heat for applications ranging from industrial use to large-scale desalination and hydrogen production.


The designs and operating characteristics of such reactors are radically different from the large light water-cooled reactors currently in commercial use in the US, for example using gaseous, molten metal or molten salt coolants. As a result, both the industry and the NRC are preparing for necessarily different licensing and regulatory processes, the NEI said yesterday.


One advanced reactor concept - NuScale Power's 50 MWe small modular reactor (SMR) - is currently undergoing US regulatory review. "Even based as it is on proven light water reactor (LWR) technology, pre-application interactions with the NRC were not as effective as desired, taking more than eight years and costing USD12 million in regulatory fees," the NEI noted. The developers of several other advanced non-LWRs are involved in pre-application interactions with the regulator.


Given the large differences in these new reactor designs from the existing LWR fleet, as well as wide variations in the extent of development of each design, the NEI's new document, Guidelines for Development of a Regulatory Engagement Plan, recognises the need for early interactions between NRC staff and prospective reactor developers, vendors or site applicants. The guidelines, which were developed with input from the industry and NRC and support from Nuclear Innovation Alliance, set out steps to develop a Regulatory Engagement Plan (REP) with the aim of enhancing communications and decision-making, thereby helping to minimise regulatory risk.


There is no regulatory requirement for an REP, and the guidelines note that the topics and appropriate level of detail a prospective applicant would wish to include are entirely voluntary and should be agreed upon in discussions between the applicant and NRC staff.


"The development of the REP is an important accomplishment in NEI's activities toward creating a stable and predictable licensing framework for advanced reactors," NEI Senior Director for New Plant, SMR and Advanced Reactors Mike Tschiltz said.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/RS-NEI-issues-guidelines-for-regulatory-interactions-0607188.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/4 10:08:53 (14 人讀取)

Boss launches Honeymoon restart strategy


Boss Resources has launched a three-phase restart strategy for the Honeymoon uranium project in South Australia, which it acquired in December 2015. The company said today it has de-risked the project commercially and technically, and has already begun work on the first phase of the programme which will take it to the point where it is ready to resume production.



Phase 1 of the restart strategy includes the generation of the final input data required for a definitive feasibility study including a drilling programme to deliver the measured and indicated resource, an optimisation programme to deliver further cost savings and/or process improvements and a preliminary execution plan, updated cost estimate and schedule for the re-start of the existing solvent extraction (SX) plant. The second phase comprises the DFS and permitting updates, while the third phase covers detailed execution planning and operational readiness including the SX plant recommissioning plan, in conjunction with the ion exchange plant detailed design.


On completion of the restart strategy the company will be ready to execute the programme of work required to bring the project back into production, "assuming a specified uranium price has been achieved", Boss Resources said.


Managing Director Duncan Craib said the company’s initial activities are focused on the planning and preparation of the infill and step-out drill programme. Consultants and engineering support for optimisation and trade-off studies have been identified and proposals are currently being finalised.


"The Company will provide ongoing updates as the re-start strategy progresses, with Phase 2 planned to commence in early 2019 and Phase 3 starting later that year," he said. "On completion of the three-phase strategy, we will be in a position to make a decision to proceed to mine, assuming a specified global uranium price has been achieved to satisfy the targeted IRR and NPV return to maximise shareholder value." The project will operate in the lowest cost quartile of world-wide producers, Craib said.


The fully permitted in-situ leach project started producing uranium in 2011, but was placed in care and maintenance by then-owner Uranium One in 2013. Boss acquired Honeymoon from the Rosatom subsidiary in 2015. The project has JORC-compliant uranium resources of 63.3 million pounds U3O8 (24,348 tU). Based on a March 2017 pre-feasibility study, the project is expected to produce an average of 3.2 million pounds per year at a cash cost of USD15.60 per pound U308 equivalent.


An ion exchange processing plant has been selected as the most efficient, lowest risk and lowest cost approach for the project. Extensive laboratory test work in 2017 with Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation led to a successful field leach trial, in which the modified leaching regime produced significantly higher uranium tenors than had previously been achieved at Honeymoon, the company said. "The outstanding Field Leach Trial results indicates significant potential for economic upside," it said.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/UF-Boss-launches-Honeymoon-restart-strategy-0307188.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/4 10:04:16 (13 人讀取)

Magnox Limited - operator of former Magnox nuclear power plant sites in the UK - will become a subsidiary of the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) from September 2019. Last year, NDA decided to terminate its contract with Magnox Ltd for managing the sites.



Trawsfynydd (Magnox) 460x284

Trawsfynydd, one of the sites managed by Magnox Ltd (Image: Magnox Ltd)


Magnox, owned by Cavendish Fluor Partnership (CFP), is the management and operations contractor responsible for safely managing 12 nuclear sites and one hydroelectric plant in the UK working for the sites' owner, the NDA. CFP won the GBP6.1 billion (USD8.0 billion) contract in September 2014 in a tender the NDA started in April 2012. However, NDA announced in March 2017 that contract will be terminated in September 2019, after five years rather than its full term of 14 years.


The NDA announced yesterday that Magnox Ltd will become an NDA subsidiary from 1 September 2019. Until that time, CFP will continue to manage Magnox Ltd. The new arrangements have been approved by the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, NDA said.


NDA CEO David Peattie said: "This decision marks a new approach to managing the 12 Magnox sites but it is consistent with a similar change we made at Sellafield in 2016, where the simplified approach is resulting in more efficient decommissioning progress."


In April 2016, the NDA become the owner of Sellafield Ltd, the site licence company responsible for managing and operating Sellafield in Cumbria. The new arrangements replaced the parent body organisation model and therefore ownership of Sellafield Ltd by private consortium Nuclear Management Partners.


"In line with a recent change to the way Sellafield (the NDA's largest and most complex site) is managed, expertise from the private sector will be engaged through multiple smaller contracts, rather than through a single large Parent Body Organisation," NDA said.


In a report published in February, the UK parliament's Public Accounts Committee (PAC) concluded that the NDA "dramatically under-estimated" the scale and cost of decommissioning the Magnox sites, which ultimately led to the early termination of the 14-year contract with CFP. The NDA "completely failed" in both the procurement and management of the contract to clean up the Magnox nuclear reactor and research sites, which the committee said is one of the highest value and most important contracts let by the government. The PAC said NDA would have to put "even more effort and money" into finding a suitable way of managing these sites after the contract comes to an official end in September 2019.


An independent inquiry examining the Magnox contract is under way.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/C-NDA-to-take-over-management-of-Magnox-sites-0307185.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/4 9:58:23 (15 人讀取)

Japanese Cabinet approves new basic energy plan


A new basic energy plan that sets goals for Japan's energy mix to 2030 and presents scenarios to 2050 was today approved by the Cabinet. Under the plan, nuclear will remain a key energy source, accounting for 20-22% of the country's electricity generation up to 2030.



The Japanese government revises its energy plan about every three years. The plan is formulated based on the Basic Energy Policy Law enacted in June 2002. The latest plan, like its predecessors, recognises the necessity of energy security for the country, which is poor in fossil fuel resources. The policy includes commitments to "clean energy" initiatives but places emphasis on ensuring stable and secure energy supplies.


Consideration of the latest plan began at the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry's (METI's) Basic Policy Subcommittee of the General Resource and Energy Research Committee last August. METI presented a draft of the plan on 16 May. The plan was today approved by the Cabinet, taking into account public comments received on the draft.


The Fifth Basic Energy Plan calls for nuclear energy to account for 20%-22% of power generation by 2030, with 22%-24% coming from renewable energy sources, while coal's share will be reduced to 26%, LNG's to 27% and oil's to just 3%. The plans aims to reduce Japan's carbon dioxide emissions by 26% by 2030, compared with 2013 levels, and by 80% by 2050. It also aims to raise the country's energy self-sufficiency to about 24% by 2030, compared with just 8% in 2016.


The plan says that in 2030 nuclear energy will continue to be "an important baseload power source that contributes to the stability of the long-term energy supply and demand structure". In the longer term, to 2050, nuclear will remain a "viable choice for decarbonisation".


Whilst saying that Japan's dependence on nuclear energy will be "reduced as much as possible", the plan says the nuclear target will be met through the restart of reactors and with "constant safety improvement".


Japan published its fourth Basic Energy Plan - previous plans were passed in 2003, 2007 and 2010 - in April 2014. In it, METI considered nuclear power to be a quasi-domestic source that gives stable power, operates inexpensively and has a low greenhouse gas profile. However, the ministry noted that nuclear must be developed with safety as a priority and with constant work on preparedness for emergency. Nuclear power is an 'important power source that supports the stability of the energy supply and demand structure' it said.


Prior to the March 2011 accident at the Fukushima Daiichi plant, Japan relied on nuclear energy for some 30% of its electricity. In response to the accident, all of the country's operable nuclear reactors were taken offline pending clearance from the Nuclear Regulation Authority under new regulations that came into force in July 2013. As a result, Japan saw its fossil fuel imports and greenhouse gas emissions increase significantly. So far, nine reactors have been restarted, while several more have applied to do so.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NP-Japanese-Cabinet-approves-new-basic-energy-plan-0307184.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/2 10:44:58 (39 人讀取)

China's Taishan 1 reactor connected to grid


China General Nuclear Power Group and EDF Group have today announced that unit 1 of the Taishan nuclear power plant has been connected to the grid, becoming the world's first EPR to achieve grid connection and power generation. It is expected to enter commercial operation later this year.



Taishan_internal_June18_(CGNPC)-460

A view inside Taishan 1, which is now connected to the grid (Image: CGNPC)


The Taishan project - 140 kilometres west of Hong Kong - is owned by the Guangdong Taishan Nuclear Power Joint Venture Company Limited, a joint venture between EDF (30%) and CGN. Unit 1 of the power plant started construction in 2009, followed by unit 2 in 2010. These two units are the third and fourth EPR units under construction globally. The EPR design adopted in Taishan was developed by Framatome.


Zheng Dongshan, CEO of CGN UK, said: "Safe and efficient connection of the new Taishan 1 reactor to the grid is a major step forward in China, but is also important for the UK, where the same EPR technology will be used at Hinkley Point C and Sizewell C. The fact that an EPR power station has been linked to the electricity network for the first time reinforces our strong confidence in this reactor technology and in the HPC project as a whole."


Framatome said the unit had been connected to the grid at 5:59 pm local time.


The company's chairman and CEO, Bernard Fontana, said the successful grid connection of Taishan 1 is a historical moment for the whole nuclear industry.


"It is the result of years of engineering carried out by our company and a fruitful cooperation with our client TNPJVC as well as with CGN and EDF, our main shareholder and partner.We are now focused on supporting our client in the start of commercial operation of unit 1," he said.


"We also remain fully engaged in the completion and start-up of Taishan 2, Flamanville 3 and Olkiluoto 3, and in the delivery of Hinkley Point C in the United Kingdom. All current and future EPR projects will also benefit from the broad experience acquired by our teams."


Since the construction of Daya Bay nuclear power plant, Framatome said it has had a "historically strong presence" in China.


Fontana added: "During all these years we have been cooperating with our Chinese partners through a comprehensive localisation process to develop its domestic industry further."


CGN, EDF and Guangdong Yudian Group invested jointly in the Taishan nuclear power plant. Framatome contributed major parts of the plant's nuclear scope including nuclear steam supply system, safety instrumentation & control, procurement and support to erection and commissioning.


Unit 1 has an installed capacity of 1660 MWe and can deliver reliable low-carbon electricity to more than four million Chinese households.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Chinas-Taishan-1-reactor-connected-to-grid-29061801.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/2 10:40:05 (17 人讀取)

Bruce Power and ITM to supply cancer therapy isotope


Bruce Power and ITG, a subsidiary of radiopharmaceutical technology company ITM Isotopen Technologien München (ITM), have launched a joint effort to explore the production of the medical radioisotope lutetium-177 (Lu-177) at Bruce Power's Candu reactors.



Bruce-ITM_Lu-177_MOU_June18_(Bruce)-460

ITM's Mark Harfensteller, seated at left, signs the MoU with Bruce's James Scongack, front centre. Also shown are Bruce Power's Pat Dalzell at front right, with ITM's Ingo Russnak and Bruce Power's Kurt Wigle standing. (Image: Bruce Power)


Lu-177 is used in targeted radionuclide therapy to treat cancers like neuroendocrine tumours and prostate cancer. The medical-grade radioisotope is used to destroy cancer cells while leaving healthy cells unaffected.


The companies yesterday announced the signature of a Memorandum of Understanding to explore the production of Lu-177 at Bruce, which they say has the ability to meet global supply needs until 2064. The partnership aims to meet the medical community's growing demand for the radioisotope. Development, processing, and global distribution of Lu-177 will be managed by ITG.


Bruce's Candu units already produce cobalt-60, which is used for the sterilisation of medical equipment and in a specialised form of cancer treatment called the Gamma Knife. The company is part of the recently established Canadian Nuclear Isotope Council, which aims to develop collective solutions to maintain Canada's leadership position on the global isotope stage following the shut-down earlier this year of the National Research Universal reactor after over 60 years of operation.


Bruce Power in 2017 signed an agreement with Areva NP - now Orano - for Areva to design and supply equipment to be installed in the existing Bruce Candu units to add online production at commercial scale of a wide range of isotopes including short half-life isotopes such as Mo-99, Lu-177 and iridium-192 using a system that inserts and removes targets with little impact on the normal operation of the power reactors.


"Bruce Power is a world leader in the production of critical radioisotopes used to treat cancer," said Mike Rencheck, Bruce Power's president and CEO. "By developing innovative ways to generate these radioisotopes, we help ensure that the medical community has access to a reliable source of medical radioisotopes for Targeted Radionuclide Therapy."


Steffen Schuster, CEO of ITM, said: "With Bruce Power's long-term outlook to operate its facility through 2064 and its existing expertise with cobalt production, we have the opportunity to provide a stable source of lutetium-177 to cancer patients worldwide."


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/RS-Bruce-Power-and-ITM-to-supply-cancer-therapy-isotope-2906187.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/7/2 10:21:35 (18 人讀取)

South Carolina bill would cut Scana cost recovery


Scana Corporation and South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (SCE&G) are "evaluating their legal options" after the South Carolina General Assembly passed a bill that would reduce the amount SCE&G can recover from its customers in relation to the abandoned VC Summer nuclear power plant construction project. The companies say the proposed legislation is unconstitutional.



Summer_2_final_ring_June_2017_(SCEG)-460

Summer unit 2's final containment ring was lifted into place in June 2017 (Image: SCE&G)


The owners of the Summer project - Scana subsidiary SCE&G and Santee Cooper - decided in August last year to abandon the construction of the two AP1000s, following reactor vendor Westinghouse's filing for bankruptcy in March. Scana had sought to recover some of the costs under the terms of the state's Base Load Review Act.


The proposed legislation, which was passed on 27 June, would temporarily reduce the portion of SCE&G's electric rates associated with the VC Summer nuclear construction project from about 18% of the average residential electric customer's bill to about 3.2%, or a reduction of around $31 million per month. This lower rate would be effective until the South Carolina Public Service Commission reaches a decision on a joint petition filed in connection with the proposed merger of Scana with Dominion Energy, announced in January.


"This proposed legislation has been sent to the Governor for signature. If the Governor chooses to veto the legislation, as has been indicated publicly by his staff, it would return to the General Assembly for [it] to consider an override of his veto," Scana said.


Scana yesterday declared an 80% reduction in its quarterly dividend, which it said corresponded to the portion of the dividend attributable to the electric portion of SCE&G. "The board made this reduction to preserve its options as the Company continues to seek a resolution to the recovery of costs for the VC Summer new nuclear construction project," it said.


"The South Carolina Legislature is playing a high-stakes game where they are gambling with the money of customers and taxpayers," Dominion Energy Chairman, President and CEO Thomas Farrell said in response to the vote. "It is a disappointing and short-sighted action that is counter to the best interests of South Carolina and its people," he said.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News




source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/C-South-Carolina-bill-would-cut-Scana-cost-recovery-2906188.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/27 9:50:00 (16 人讀取)

Progress for Orano fuel cycle projects


China National Nuclear Corporation subsidiary CNLA and Orano Projects, a subsidiary of French nuclear company Orano,

have agreed on preparatory works for a Chinese plant to process and recycle used nuclear fuel, Orano announced today.

Orano is also reported to be planning investments in its French uranium conversion facility.




E_Philippe_Shenzhen_22_June_(David-Matignon)-460

Prime Minister Edouard Philippe arriving in Shenzhen on 22 June (Image: Florian David/Matignon)


The agreement was confirmed during French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe's current visit to China and runs to the end of this year,

Orano said. It covers advance work to be carried out by Orano in preparation for the recycling plant project.


A memorandum of commercial agreement for the construction of a used fuel processing and recycling facility was signed in January by

New Areva and CNNC, shortly before New Areva's change of name to Orano. That memorandum was one of several signed over the years

following a November 2007 agreement to assess the feasibility of setting up an 800 tonne per year reprocessing plant in China based on

Areva's La Hague and Melox plants, which at the time represented an estimated investment of EUR15 billion (USD17.5 billion).


No site has yet been announced for the plant, although Chairman of Orano Projets Patrick Jacq said earlier this year that Orano had mobilised

"some 100 people" to carry out preparatory work.



Malvési investments



Orano has also announced plans to invest EUR300 million over five years at its Malvési uranium conversion site near Narbonne in

southern France, L'usine nouvelle reported on 13 June. Projects included in the investment include an EUR80 million nitrate

waste treatment unit using Studsvik's Thor thermal process; upgrading of the conversion plant's hydrofluorination unit, and the creation

of a dry sludge storage cell, as well as upgrades to security.


The Malvési plant - part of Orano's Comurhex II uranium conversion complex - converts uranium concentrates to uranium tetrafluoride (UF4)

which is then shipped to a plant at the company's Pierrelatte site to produce uranium hexafluoride, the feed for uranium enrichment.


A five-year contract signed by Orano with ConverDyn earlier this year will represent about 20% of the output of the Comhurex II conversion plant,

the same report said. The USA's only uranium conversion plant, Metropolis, for which ConverDyn is the exclusive marketer,

has been on standby since October 2017. The plant's owner, Honeywell, in November announced that production at Metropolis

would remain suspended pending an improvement in business conditions.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News




source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/C-Progress-for-Orano-fuel-cycle-projects-2506188.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/25 12:00:00 (21 人讀取)

Approval for decommissioning of Swiss reactor



Swiss utility BKW has been issued with a decommissioning order for the Mühleberg nuclear power plant, which is scheduled

to permanently shut down at the end of 2019. The order from the country's Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and

Communication (DETEC) states the decommissioning work must be carried out in accordance with a plan submitted by BKW in 2015.



Sanmen 1-2 - 460 (Westinghouse)

The Mühleberg plant, due to shut next year (Image: ENSI)

BKW announced in late 2013 that Mühleberg will be permanently shut down in 2019 instead of the earlier planned 2022 because of

"uncertainty surrounding political and regulatory trends". The single 372 MWe boiling water reactor began operating in 1972.

It will be the first Swiss nuclear power plant to be decommissioned.


In December 2015, BKW submitted an application to DETEC for permission to decommission the plant, together with a plan for the

decommissioning works.


BKW informed the Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) in February 2016 that the Mühleberg plant will be disconnected from

the grid on 20 December 2019. However, it noted this shutdown date assumes that "the legal framework necessary to begin immediate

dismantling is implemented". One of the prerequisites is obtaining the necessary decommissioning permit from ENSI.


DETEC has now approved BKW's application to decommission Mühleberg. The order says the decommissioning works must be carried out in

accordance with the decommissioning plan submitted by BKW in 2015. In addition, various requirements will have to be met,

in particular the technical, organisational and procedural conditions laid down by ENSI in its report of August 2017.


DETEC also requires BKW to submit a plan to the Swiss Federal Office of Energy for the dismantling of the conventional parts of

the plant by the end of 2027.



BKW said receipt of the order "represents another milestone and paves the way for the first decommissioning of a power reactor

in Switzerland".


"We are happy to have received the decommissioning order in mid-2018," said BKW CEO Suzanne Thoma. "This way, we are procedurally on track,

as well as financially and in terms of planning."


Planning for the decommissioning and dismantling of Mühleberg is already at an advanced stage, according to BKW. The company submitted

detailed outlines to ENSI at the end of 2017 for the period immediately after the end of operations in December 2019, as well as

the first stage of decommissioning. "In doing so, BKW laid the groundwork for dismantling to begin immediately after the Mühleberg

nuclear power plant has been taken off the grid," BKW said.


BKW said it will cover the entire costs of decommissioning and dismantling Mühleberg. It said it has made the necessary provisions and

pays money into the country's Decommissioning and Waste Disposal Funds, which are monitored by the federal government.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/WR-Approval-for-decommissioning-of-Swiss-reactor-2206185.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/25 11:57:46 (23 人讀取)

US project to recycle naval fuel gets Senate approval


The US Senate has approved a proposal for a USD15 million pilot programme to recycle used naval nuclear fuel

for use as fuel in advanced nuclear reactors. The proposal - an amendment to the fiscal 2019 Energy and

Water Appropriations Bill - was adopted by the full Senate by 87 votes to 9.


Low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel used in today's nuclear power plants typically contains less than 5% of fissile

uranium-235 (U-235), but many of the advanced reactor designs currently under development will require uranium fuel

enriched to between 5% and 20% U-235, known as high-assay low-enriched uranium (HALEU) fuel. Nuclear submarines

use highly enriched uranium (HEU).


Used nuclear fuel retains much of its fissile content, and the project would aim to demonstrate the blending down of

used HEU fuel from the USA's naval programme to produce useable HALEU. Such a project could potentially reduce the

amounts of nuclear waste from the naval programme requiring disposal.


Amendment 2943 was proposed by Senators Mike Crapo and James Risch of Idaho and Senator Sheldon Whitehouse of Rhode Island.

A site at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been earmarked for the construction of a NuScale small modular reactor.

The INL has also been identified as a possible site for Terrestrial Energy's Integral Molten Salt Reactor.


Current operating naval reactors have the potential to create a total of 100,000 tons of used nuclear fuel, for which disposal

will cost about USD100 billion, Crapo told the Senate on 20 June. Advanced nuclear reactors could potentially reuse this and

to reduce the overall disposal cost, he said.


"HEU repurposing, from materials like spent naval fuel, can be done using hybrid processes that use advanced dry head-end technologies

followed by material recovery, which creates the fuel for our new advanced reactors. Repurposing this spent fuel has the potential

of reducing waste that would otherwise be disposed of at taxpayer expense, and approximately 1 metric ton of HEU can create 4 useable tons

for our new reactors," Crapo told the Senate.


"By reusing spent fuel to power advanced reactors, we can supply the inputs necessary for critical research initiatives, such as those

at the INL, and provide a cost-saving and environmental service by reducing the amount of spent waste otherwise stored or cleaned up,

" Crapo said after the vote.


Risch said he was "confident" that the INL would "pioneer the next generation" of nuclear reactors. "As we look ahead, there is
bipartisan agreement that the use of clean, nuclear power should be part of our 'all-of-the-above' American energy strategy,"



There are currently no US-based facilities that can produce HALEU on a commercial scale, and the US Nuclear Energy Institute earlier

this year warned that preparations should begin now to develop a national fuel cycle infrastructure to support the operation of

the advanced reactors. "The industry and the government should work in an integrated manner to establish within the next decade

the infrastructure to produce HALEU material and fabricate HALEU fuel for the next generation of advanced reactors and for advanced LWR fuel

for the current fleet," NEI Senior Director for New Plant, SMRs and Advanced Reactors Michael Tschiltz said in February.



Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/WR-US-project-to-recycle-naval-fuel-gets-Senate-approval-2206188.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/25 11:50:00 (17 人讀取)

Chinese AP1000s pass commissioning milestones


The start of power generation by two AP1000 reactors under construction in China moved a step closer

yesterday with first criticality being achieved at Sanmen 1 and the loading of fuel beginning at Haiyang 1.

Both units are expected to start up by the end of this year, becoming the first operating AP1000 reactors.



Sanmen 1-2 - 460 (Westinghouse)

Sanmen units 1 and 2 (Image: Westinghouse)

Unit 1 of the Sanmen nuclear power plant in China's Zhejiang province attained first criticality

- a sustained chain reaction - at 2.09am yesterday, State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation announced.


Westinghouse President and CEO José Gutiérrez said, "Today we completed the final major milestone before

commercial operation for Westinghouse's AP1000 nuclear power plant technology. We are one step closer to

delivering the world's first AP1000 plant to our customer and the world - with our customers, we will provide

our customers in China with safe, reliable and clean energy from Sanmen 1."


The next stage in the commissioning of Sanmen 1 will be synchronisation to the electricity grid. This will be

followed by gradual power ascension testing until all testing is safely and successfully completed at 100% power.


Westinghouse said, "Once plant operations begin at Sanmen 1, it will be the first AP1000 nuclear power plant in

operation, offering innovative passive safety system technology, multiple layers of defence and advanced controls

for unequalled reliability and safety."


In September 2007, Westinghouse and its partner the Shaw Group received authorisation to construct four AP1000 units

in China: two at Sanmen and two more at Haiyang in Shandong province. Construction of Sanmen 1 began in April 2009,

while first concrete for Sanmen 2 was poured in December 2009. Construction of Haiyang 1 and 2 began in September 2009

and June 2010, respectively.


Hot testing of Sanmen 1 was completed in June 2017. The loading of fuel assemblies into its core began on 25 April

following the issuance of a permit by the country's nuclear regulator, the National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA).


Hot tests at Sanmen 2 were completed in January. That unit is also expected to begin operating by the end of this year.



Haiyang 1 fuel loading



Westinghouse also announced that loading of the 157 fuel assemblies into the core of Haiyang 1 began at 7.36pm yesterday.



Haiyang 1 - 460 (Westinghouse)

Haiyang unit 1 (Image: Westinghouse)

The company said the unit recently successfully completed the necessary testing and regulatory reviews conducted by the NNSA.

"Haiyang unit 1 met all the criteria, confirming the capability of Westinghouse's AP1000 technology," it said.


Haiyang 1 expected to begin operating by the end of this year, with Haiyang 2 expected to start up in 2019.


"The lessons learned and resources shared between Sanmen and Haiyang throughout all phases of construction and start-up have

made tremendous improvements in terms of quality and execution, which will benefit future AP1000 fleets," said Gavin Liu,

Westinghouse's president for the Asia Region. "We will continue to work side by side with our Chinese customers and ensure

the success of the remaining testing."


Four AP1000 reactors were also being built in the USA - two each at Vogtle and Summer. However, construction of the two Summer

units was suspended last August.


Researched and written
by World Nuclear News



source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Chinese-AP1000s-pass-commissioning-milestones-2206184.html

發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/22 15:20:00 (15 人讀取)

The UK's Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) has published its annual report highlighting the extent of its regulatory activities. These included more than 1000 inspections, design acceptance confirmation for a new reactor, ongoing modernisation of its regulations, and its participation in the first European topical peer review on ageing management of nuclear power plants.


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發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/22 15:16:25 (19 人讀取)

21 Jun (NucNet): Brussels has not been “nuclear-positive” in recent years, but if Europe is serious about taking carbon out of its energy consumption, then nuclear energy needs to be part of the solution together with renewables, Orano chief executive Philippe Knoche said in an interview with Politico.

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發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/22 15:13:20 (19 人讀取)

Ontario Power Generation's (OPG) Darlington nuclear power plant is to produce molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) for use in new technetium-99m (Tc-99m) generators designed by BWX Technologies Inc. The Candu plant will be the first large-scale commercial nuclear power plant in the world to produce Mo-99.


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發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/15 15:14:42 (20 人讀取)

14 Jun (NucNet): The premature shutdown of nuclear power units in France would jeopardise the country’s energy security and hamper efforts to reduce carbon emissions, Valérie Faudon, head of the French Nuclear Energy Society (SFEN), told NucNet.

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發表人 nicenter 於 2018/6/15 15:13:41 (72 人讀取)

Researchers have successfully used acrylic fibres to extract uranium from seawater in a trial conducted at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The team say the technology, which uses inexpensive material, could be competitive with the costs of land-based uranium mining.


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